Students, professors, and researchers in most discipline use academic writing to convey ideas, make arguments, and participate in scholarly conversation. Academic writing is described as evidence-based arguments, precise word choice, logical organization, and an impersonal tone. Though sometimes thought of as long-winded or inaccessible, strong academic writing is quite the exact opposite: It informs, analyzes, and persuades in a straightforward manner and enables your reader to engage critically in a dialogue that is scholarly.
Types of Academic Writing
Academic writing is, of course, any formal written work produced in an academic setting. While academic writing will come in many forms, listed below are some of the most common.
Literary analysis: A literary analysis essay examines, evaluates, and makes a quarrel about a work that is literary. As the name suggests, a literary analysis essay goes beyond mere summarization. It takes careful close reading of just one or multiple texts and frequently centers around a characteristic that is specific theme, or motif.
Research paper: A research paper uses information that is outside support a thesis or make an argument. Research papers are printed in all disciplines that will be evaluative, analytical, or critical in nature. Common research sources include data, primary sources (e.g., historical records), and secondary sources (e.g., peer-reviewed scholarly articles). Writing a study paper involves synthesizing this external information with your own personal ideas.
Dissertation: A dissertation (or thesis) is a document submitted at the conclusion of a Ph.D. program. The dissertation is a book-length summarization of the doctoral candidate’s research.
Academic papers may be done as part of a class, in an application of study, and for publication in an journal that is academic scholarly book of articles around a theme, by different authors.
Characteristics of Academic Writing
Most disciplines that are academic their own stylistic conventions. However, all academic writing shares certain characteristics.
- Clear and limited focus. The focus of an academic paper—the argument essay writers or research question—is established early by the thesis statement. Every paragraph and sentence of the paper connects back to that primary focus. Even though the paper may include background or contextual information, all content serves the purpose of giving support to the thesis statement.
- Logical structure. All academic writing follows a logical, straightforward structure. With its simplest form, academic writing includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The introduction provides background information, lays out the scope and direction regarding the essay, and states the thesis. Your body paragraphs support the thesis statement, with every body paragraph elaborating on a single supporting point. The conclusion refers returning to the thesis, summarizes the main points, and highlights the implications of this paper’s findings. Each sentence and paragraph logically connects to a higher to be able to present a clear argument.
- Evidence-based arguments. Academic writing requires arguments that are well-informed. Statements must be supported by evidence, whether from scholarly sources (like in a study paper), results of a research or experiment, or quotations from a primary text (such as a literary analysis essay). The usage of evidence gives credibility to a disagreement.
- Impersonal tone. The purpose of academic writing is always to convey a logical argument from an objective standpoint. Academic avoids that are writing, inflammatory, or elsewhere biased language. Whether you personally agree or disagree with a notion, it must be presented accurately and objectively in your paper.
Most published papers likewise have abstracts: brief summaries of the very most important points regarding the paper. Abstracts can be found in academic database search engine results making sure that readers can determine whether the quickly paper is pertinent with their own research.
Let’s say you’ve just finished an analytical essay for your literature class. If a peer or professor asks you what the essay is about—what the point of the essay is—you must be able to respond clearly and concisely in a single sentence. That single sentence is your thesis statement.
The thesis statement, available at the termination of the initial paragraph, is a one-sentence encapsulation of one’s essay’s main idea. It presents an argument that is overarching might also identify the main support points when it comes to argument. In essence, the thesis statement is a road map, telling the reader where in actuality the paper is going and exactly how it will make it happen.
The thesis statement plays an role that is important the writing process. When you’ve written a thesis statement, you’ve established a focus that is clear your paper. Frequently referring back to that thesis statement shall prevent you from straying off-topic during the drafting phase. Needless to say, the thesis statement can (and may) be revised to reflect alterations in the content or direction associated with the paper. Its ultimate goal, after all, is always to capture the key ideas of your paper with clarity and specificity.
Academic writers out of each and every field face similar challenges through the writing process. It is possible to boost your own academic writing by avoiding these common mistakes.